source: t29-www/en/details1.php @ 580

Last change on this file since 580 was 347, checked in by sven, 6 years ago

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File size: 7.0 KB
Line 
1<?php
2        $seiten_id = 'details1';
3        $version = '$Id: details1.php 347 2013-03-06 02:58:15Z sven $';
4        $titel = 'Tabular list of desk calculators';
5       
6        require "../lib/technikum29.php";
7?>
8
9<h2><?php print $titel; ?></h2>
10
11<table width="100%" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" class="t29-details">
12  <colgroup>
13    <col class="middle">
14    <col class="middle">
15    <col class="middle">
16    <col class="bemerkungen">
17  </colgroup>
18  <tr>
19    <th width="20%">type or manufacturer[year of construction]</th>
20    <th width="10%">storage</th>
21    <th width="15%">attached periphery</th>
22    <th width="55%">annotations</th>
23  </tr>
24  <tr>
25    <td><b>Antia</b>[1962]</td>
26    <td>thyratrons</td>
27    <td>-</td>
28    <td>The world's first electronic desk calculator. First generation,
29        tube technology (especially thyratrons). Nixie-display</td>
30  </tr>
31  <tr>
32    <td><b>IME 84</b>[1964]</td>
33    <td>core memory</td>
34    <td>-</td>
35    <td>The worlds's first transistorised desk calculator.
36        Nixie-display</td>
37  </tr>
38  <tr>
39    <td><b>Canola 130</b>[1965]</td>
40    <td>flip-flop</td>
41    <td>-</td>
42    <td>first calculator with "floodlight display",
43        transistor technology</td>
44  </tr>
45  <tr>
46    <td><b>WANDERER Conti</b>[1965]</td>
47    <td>core memory</td>
48    <td>-</td>
49    <td>The world's first printing electonical desktop calculator.
50        It uses threaded ROM for very simple and solid programs.</td>
51  </tr>
52  <tr>
53    <td><b>FRIDEN 130, FRIDEN 132</b>[1965]</td>
54    <td>delay line memory</td>
55    <td>-</td>
56    <td>The world's first desk calculator with display on
57        cathode ray tube; 4 registers are displayed
58        (with germanium transistors). Type 132 is featured with
59        automatic square root calculation.</td>
60  </tr>
61  <tr>
62    <td><b>Olivetti Programma 101</b>[1965]</td>
63    <td>delay line memory</td>
64    <td>integrated reader for magnetic cards</td>
65    <td>First desk calculator that saves programs on magnetic cards
66    (stores up to 120 instructions). The delay line memory has a
67    capacity of 240 Byte. Pure transistor technology</td>
68  </tr>
69  <tr>
70    <td><b>IME 86</b>[1966]</td>
71    <td>core memory</td>
72    <td>remote control</td>
73    <td>Nixie-display. Lovely designed remote control</td>
74  </tr>
75  <tr>
76    <td><b>DIEHL Combitron</b>[1966]</td>
77    <td>delay line memory</td>
78    <td>punchcard reader and puncher</td>
79    <td>Germany's first freely <i>programmable</i> desk calculator.
80        <br />The complete version is extremely rare. The device's
81        calculator features only 130 transistors. The operating system
82        is internally booted from metallic punchcards. Rarity!</td>
83  </tr>
84  <tr>
85    <td><b>WANG 320 S</b>[1966/67]</td>
86    <td>core memory</td>
87    <td>punchcard reader, manual punchcard reader</td>
88    <td>One of the world's first scientific programmable desktop
89        calculators. Extremely rare. 2 of 4 pluggable keyboards.
90        Pure transistor technology. Very fast computation of
91        exponents and logarithms.</td>
92  </tr>
93  <tr>
94    <td><b>HP 9100 A bzw. 9100 B</b>[1968]</td>
95    <td>core memory</td>
96    <td>incl. attached printer</td>
97    <td>First desktop calculator by HP. Totally scientific, threaded ROM.
98        Recording programs on magnetical cards. CRT display. Transitor
99        technology</td>
100  </tr>
101  <tr>
102    <td><b>WANG 700</b>[1969/70]</td>
103    <td>2KB core memory</td>
104    <td>Complex printer (standalone device) that can plot, too. Mark
105        Sense Card Reader, punchcard reader, DIN A0 flatbed plotter,
106        additionally alphanumerical keyboard, Microface, double cassette
107        drive with formated bands.</td>
108    <td>Milestone of computer engineering! First IC-technology (DTL, TTL).
109         Very intricately threaded ROM. Many years the world's fastest
110         desk calculator. Big doublespaced display featuring nixie tubes
111         (x-, y- Register), program storage on cassetts. Extremely expensive
112         device (28.000&nbsp;DM + many more than 50.000&nbsp;DM for
113         periphery). Very rare.</td>
114  </tr>
115  <tr>
116    <td><b>WANG 550</b>[1971]</td>
117    <td>semiconductor memory</td>
118    <td>-</td>
119    <td>trimmed-down version of the WANG 700 - single-line nixie tubes
120        display, thermal printer, cassette drive.</td>
121  </tr>
122  <tr>
123    <td><b>HP 9810</b>[1971]</td>
124    <td>semiconductor memory</td>
125    <td>Plotter, paper tape reader, external cassette drive</td>
126    <td>Has the same logic like the HP 9100, but was built with
127        TTL-technology. First device with LED-display (3 lines).
128        Magnetic card reader, thermal printer</td>
129  </tr>
130  <tr>
131    <td><b>WANG 600</b>[1972]</td>
132    <td>semiconductor memory</td>
133    <td>printer/plotter, Mark Sense Card Reader</td>
134    <td>Perfomance-related viewn it is set between the WANG 700 and the WANG 500.
135        Still with threaded ROM. Programs on cassettes.</td>
136  </tr>
137  <tr>
138    <td><b>HP 9820</b>[1972]</td>
139    <td>semiconductor memory</td>
140    <td>Printer, plotter, punchcard reader, external cassette drive</td>
141    <td>World's first desk calculator with algebraical language and
142        alphanumerical display on a 5x7 dots LED-matrix, Magnetic card
143        reader, thermal printer</td>
144  </tr>
145  <tr>
146    <td><b>HP 9830</b>[1972]</td>
147    <td>semiconductor memory</td>
148    <td>Thermal printer, plotter, high speed paper tape puncher,
149        paper tape reader</td>
150    <td>The world's first BASIC-programmable desktop calculator.
151        Alphanumerical display for 32 chars on a 5x7-dots LED-matrix.
152        A calculator with so much periphery is very rare</td>
153  </tr>
154  <tr>
155    <td><b>Olivetti Programma 652**</b>[1973]</td>
156    <td>semiconductor memory</td>
157    <td>typewriter for output, paper tape puncher, cassette
158        drive, band drives, hard disc drive</td>
159    <td>complete installation in the "Bauhaus" style from the 70s.
160        The bad documentation from Olivetti is remarkable. Hard disc
161        drive with immotile multiple head</td>
162  </tr>
163  <tr>
164    <td colspan="4">
165       <p>More desk calculators: Olympia RAE (different types, 1965): Calculator with core memory that is not programmable, germanium transistors and nixie tubes (floating point).
166        Compucorp 322, 324 (1972): Scientific "pocket" calculator.
167        Olivetti Programma 602 (1971): Same logic like Programma 101, but uses DTL, TTL IC-technology and semiconductor memory
168        DIEHL Combitronic (1971): Same logic like Combitron, uses already MOS-technology (logic with only 6 ICs) but still delay line memory and booting from metallic punchcards.
169        DIEHL Alphatronic, shift register as storage, with seperated punchcard puncher and punchcard reader (about 1973).**
170        Canon 1614 P (1973): Programmable calculator with integrated punchcard reader and seperated printer (no manual). **
171        TI 59 on PC 100 printer console (1977): programmable pocket calculator with recordings on magnetic cards.
172        HP 9821 (1973, like 9820 but with cassette drive), HP 9815 (1976) ** and many more...</p>
173
174        <i>**) For lack of space, these devices are stored in the archive</i>
175    </td>
176</table>
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